Laut einiger Feministinnen gibt es keine Unterschiede in der räumlichen Orientierungsfähigkeit von Männern und Frauen; wenn solche festgestellt werden, wird in der Regel eine Bias unterstellt.
Wie dem auch sei, die Studie Gender differences in visuospatial planning: An eye movements study von Cazzato et al. kommt zu folgendem Schluss:
Behavioural results suggest that there are no gender differences in the initial visual processing of the stimuli, but rather during the execution of the plan, with males showing a shorter execution time and a higher path length optimisation than females. Males often showed changes of heuristics during the execution while females seemed to prefer a constant strategy. Moreover, a better performance in behavioural and oculomotor measures seemed to suggest that males are more able than females in either the optimisation of spatial features or the realisation of the planned scheme. Despite inconclusive findings, the results support previous research and provide insight into the level of cognitive processing involved in navigation and planning tasks, with regard to the influence of gender.